Tinnitus is a ringing, buzzing, swishing, clicking, or other type of noise that seems to originate in the ear or head rather than from an external source.
Tinnitus is not an illness itself but a symptom of other conditions, such as:
ear wax buildup
loud noise exposure
brain tumors or other tumors near the ear
blood flow problems
increase in pressure of the fluid surrounding the brain
temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder
Symptoms of Tinnitus
The main symptom of tinnitus is hearing sound in your ears that is not due to an external source that no one around you can hear. The noise is often described as ringing, buzzing, clicking, or rushing. Hearing loss and dizziness may occur if the tinnitus is due to Meniere’s disease. Because tinnitus is due to other conditions that may require medical treatment, it should be evaluated by a doctor, especially if the tinnitus is only on one side, is sudden, or is associated with hearing loss.
Treatment of Ringing in the Ears
Treatment of ringing on the ears (tinnitus) depends upon the cause and may include medications, stress reduction techniques, biofeedback, lifestyle changes, tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT), masking devices, and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Home remedies are generally not recommended for tinnitus because they may not address the underlyng cause. The best way to prevent some cases of tinnitus is to avoid damage to your hearing, such as loud noise exposure. For many other causes there may be no way to prevent the accompanying tinnitus symptoms. There is currently no cure for most cases of tinnitus. Symptoms of tinnitus may come and go over time, and if you have had tinnitus it’s likely it will recur. While it may be annoying, most people can learn to cope with it. Stress, diet, and noise exposure may worsen symptoms.